Medical Clown Research

medical clowns imageP2G hosted a delegation of professionals from the Sovev Kinneret of Israel: Medical Clowns. The delegation met with professionals throughout the Milwaukee community (November 16-23, 2014), and the trip highlight was an educational seminar on Medical Clowning that included their purpose and breadth and depth of impact of medical clowning.

Learn about the amazing impact of Medical Clowns below.


Medical Clown Research Articles


Medical Clown Research in Australia

The below articles are from Australia’s The Humour Foundation’s website, a charity organization, about medical clowns.



1.    Warren B, Spitzer P. Smiles are Everywhere: Integrating clown-play into your healthcare practice. London: Routledge; 2013.
2.    Low LF, Brodaty H, Goodenough B, Spitzer P, Bell JP. The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns (SMILE) study: cluster randomised trial of humour therapy in nursing homes. BMJ Open. 2013 Jan 11. 3(1).
3.    Warren B. Spreading sunshine … down memory lane: how clowns working in healthcare promote recovery and rekindle memories. In: Baum NT, editor. Comes to your sense: creative supportive environments to nurture the sensory capital within. Toronto. Mukibaum Treatment Centres; 2009.
4.    Warren B, Spitzer P. Laugh to longevity: the work of elder-clowns with seniors in residential care facilities. The Lancet. 378(9791): 562-563.
5.    Spitzer P. LaughterBoss: Introducing a new position in aged care. In: Warren B. Using the creative arts in healthcare and therapy. New York. Routledge; 2008.
6.    Warren B. Healing laughter: the role and benefits of clown-doctors working in hospitals and healthcare. In: Warren B, editor. Using the creative arts in healthcare and therapy. New York. Routledge; 2008.
7.    Spitzer P. Hospital clowns – modern-day court jesters at work. The Lancet. 2006; 368(0): 34-25.
8.    Killick J. Funny and sad and friendly: a drama project in Scotland. The Journal of Dementia Care. 2003; 11(1): 24-26.
9.    Nuttman-Shwartz O, Scheyer R. Medical clowning: even adults deserve a dream. Social Work in Health Care. 2010; 49(12): 581-598.
10. Warren B. Treating Wellness: how clown-doctors help to humanise healthcare and promote good health. In: Twohig P, Kalitzkus V. Making sense of health, illness and disease. Amsterdam. Rodopi; 2003.
11. Warren B. Hi Jean!: how clown-doctors help facilitate infection control and positive health care practice. In: Elliot P, editor. Infection control: a practical approach to psychological issues. Abingdon, Oxon. Radcliffe Publishing; 2009.
12. Warren B. Bring me sunshine: the effects of clown-doctors on the mood and attitudes of health care staff. In: Twohig P, Kalitzkus V. Interdisciplinary perspectives on health, illness and disease. Amsterdam. Rodopi; 2004.